Also known as mammoplasty, breast reductions are common in women experiencing health problems or self-consciousness associated with the size of their breasts. Medical problems associated with very large breasts include back and neck pain, skin irritation, skeletal deformities, and even breathing problems. Large, heavy breasts also contribute to poor posture and can interfere with normal daily activities such as exercise. Excessive breast size may also lead to a decreased sense of attractiveness and self-confidence.
The process of a breast reduction includes removing fat, glandular tissue, and skin from the breasts, resulting in a smaller, firmer appearance. Incisions are made around the nipple/areola area and extend vertically below. The nipple is moved up and liposuction of the axillary area and “bra roll” can also benefit the desired result. The new shape may take some time to notice, usually six months to a year. Factors like hormone changes, pregnancy, and weight gain or loss can affect the shape.